The discovery of a hermit crab (superfamily Paguroidea) preserved in the likely immature shell of an ammonite, Craspedites nekrassovi is reported from the Upper Jurassic of Moscow, Russia. This is the oldest undoubtable symmetrical hermit crab to date which is known from non-reefal environments. This new occurrence combined with the documentation of numerous sublethal and lethal injuries on ammonite shells in the same beds (probably produced by such paguroids), all suggest that the hermit crabs not only lived in ammonite shells but also hunted these animals. The proportion of damaged shells (including healed ones) varies in different Upper Jurassic ammonite genera from 1.2% in Kachpurites up to 9.3% in Craspedites. Among damaged Kachpurites only 6.25% survived attacks whereas among Craspedites the percentage of survivors was 87.5%. These data imply that Craspedites likely lived near the sea bottom and often encountered hermit crabs, whereas Kachpurites likely lived in the water column.
Paguroidea, Diogenidae, Craspeditidae, Upper jurassic, Ammonite shell morphotypes, Ammonite sublethal injuries